temperance

temperance, sobriety, abstinence, abstemiousness, continence can all mean self-restraint in the gratification of appetites or passions. In its more general sense Temperance implies simply habitual moderation and the exercise of judgment
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temperance in eating and drinking

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Exaggeration, exaltation, the fanatic spirit, are extremely rare.
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Temperance is the almost universal rule in speech, demeanor, taste, and habits— Brownell

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But temperance may be used specifically in reference to the use of intoxi-cating beverages and then tends to imply not merely moderation but abstention; thus, a temperance hotel is one where no intoxicating liquors are sold or served. Sobriety, like temperance, suggests avoidance of excess not only in drinking
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what would be sobriety for a billiard marker would be ruinous drunkenness for a . . . billiard player— Shaw

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but also in thought or action. Often it connotes the idea of seriousness or of avoidance of ostentation
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sobriety in dress

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admired him for his cleanliness, sobriety and industry— Cheever

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Abstinence implies voluntary deprivation
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the Cynic preached abstinence from all common ambitions, rank, possessions, power, the things which clog man's feetBuchan

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the man who has made a virtue of abstinence secretly regrets, when he grows old, the discretions of his youth— Abel

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Abstemiousness and its much commoner adjective abstemious suggest habitual self-restraint, moderation, or frugality especially in eating or drinking
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the most abstemious of men ... he held old-fashioned and rather puritanical views— Woolf

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Continence emphasizes self- restraint in regard to one's impulses or desires
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he knew what to say, so he knows also when to leave off, a continence which is practiced by few writers— Dryden

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In its specific sense it stresses self-restraint in sexual indulgence. Sometimes it implies chastity or complete abstention; often, when referred to husband and wife, it implies avoidance of undue indulgence
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chastity is either abstinence or continence. Abstinence is that of virgins or widows; continence, of married persons— Taylor

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Analogous words: forgoing, forbearing or forbearance, sacrificing or sacrifice, eschewal (see corresponding verbs at FORGO): frugality, sparingness, thriftiness (see corresponding adjectives at SPARING): restraining, curbing, checking (see RESTRAIN)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • tempérance — [ tɑ̃perɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1549; temprance v. 1120; lat. temperantia ♦ Vieilli 1 ♦ Didact. Modération dans tous les plaisirs des sens. ⇒ continence, mesure. La tempérance est une vertu cardinale. 2 ♦ (1611) Modération dans le boire et le manger. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Temperance — • One of the four cardinal virtues Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Temperance     Temperance     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Temperance — Tempérance La Tempérance, représentation du gisant de François II de Bretagne La tempérance est (avec la sagesse, le courage et la justice) l’une des quatre vertus cardinales, dans la philosophie réaliste comme chez le philosophe grec Platon.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Temperance — *Temperance (virtue), the practice of moderation *Temperance movement, movement to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed *Temperance bar, bars of the temperance movement opposed to alcohol *Temperance (group), Canadian pop dance musical group… …   Wikipedia

  • Temperance — Tem per*ance, n. [L. temperantia: cf. F. temp[ e]rance. See {Temper}, v. t.] 1. Habitual moderation in regard to the indulgence of the natural appetites and passions; restrained or moderate indulgence; moderation; as, temperance in eating and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • temperance — Temperance. s. f. Vertu morale, qui regle, qui modere les passions & les appetits. La temperance est une des quatre vertus cardinales. un grand exemple de temperance. un bel exemple de temperance. les regles de la temperance …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Temperance — Temperance, MI U.S. Census Designated Place in Michigan Population (2000): 7757 Housing Units (2000): 2953 Land area (2000): 4.595331 sq. miles (11.901851 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.053023 sq. miles (0.137329 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.648354 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Temperance, MI — U.S. Census Designated Place in Michigan Population (2000): 7757 Housing Units (2000): 2953 Land area (2000): 4.595331 sq. miles (11.901851 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.053023 sq. miles (0.137329 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.648354 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • temperance — mid 14c., self restraint, moderation, from Anglo Fr. temperaunce (mid 13c.), from L. temperantia moderation, from temperans, prp. of temperare to moderate (see TEMPER (Cf. temper)). L. temperantia was used by Cicero to translate Gk. sophrosyne… …   Etymology dictionary

  • temperance — Temperance, Temperantia, Temperamentum. Il n y a point de temperance où paillardise est, Libidine dominante temperantiae locus non est …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

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